An essay on the abbasid caliphate

Space for centuries should be proportional and equivalent on each timeline. In that time the caliphate extensively traded with many countries from China to Western Europe.

Although harmful factions within the caliphate played a part in their decline, it was not the ultimate component that contributed most to their decline.

Abbasid Dynasty Essay

Under Harun al-Rashid the Barmakid family exerted considerable political power as viziers ministers to the ruler. They were regarded as the 'People of the Book', those who possessed a revealed scripture, or 'People of the Covenant', with whom compacts of protection had been made.

The importance of this topic is understanding how a civilization that seemed so successful in the beginning could fall in the end and the steps that built up to the fall. Multicultural influences Another important aspect of the caliphates' golden age has been forgotten over the course of time.

Al-Mutasim was the last emperor to keep ultimate control in all the territories of the state and the only one to control the Turkish army as later they took much of power and made the caliphs puppets in their hands.

Only now was the proliferation of oral tradition collected, systemised and ordered. The central location and lively trade culture of the city made a lively exchange of ideas possible as well.

A map of the extent of the Abbasid Dynasty from to Province after province renounced the authority of the caliphs, who became figureheads, and finally Hulagu Khan, the Mongol general, sacked Baghdad February 28, with great loss of life.

Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates comparison Essay

In the 12th century, the stories known as A Thousand and One Nights were first compiled and printed in Arabic. The scholars from different countries — from Cordova to Baghdad had an opportunity to communicate in one language. Based in Damascus, Syria, the Umayyad Caliphate faced internal pressures and resistance, partly because they displayed an obvious preference for Arab Muslims, excluding non-Arab Muslims like Persians.

Increase of feudalistic oppression triggered popular uprisings lead by Babak, Al-Muqanna and others. All of these caliphs were descended from Abbas, a member of the tribe of Quraysh of Mecca who was an uncle of the prophet Muhammad.

The peak of their power probably occurred in the reign of Harun ar-Rashid, who relied heavily on the Barmakid family of administrators. Their exploits were commemorated in a body of poetry that survives until the present day.

In the 9th century numerous meetings were held by the governors of Baghdad where theologians, philosophers and astronomers regardless of religious affiliation gathered in order to discuss their ideas.

His brother and successor, Abu Jafar, adopted the name al-Mansur Rendered Victorious and moved the caliphate to his new capital, Baghdad, on the Tigris River. Leprous patients were arrested in order to prevent them from escaping.

University of Chicago Press, ; Lassner, Jacob. InTurkey's national assembly voted to abolish the Sultanate, but not the Caliphate maintained by the Turkish state, which was now perceived as a purely spiritual office. Lapidus comments on one of the later Caliphs, noting that, "Mu'awiyah, with his genius for administration, and his skill and tact in dealing with the haughty aristocracy out of which he himself sprung, was laying the foundation of a great empire" In centuries his book was used as a textbook in the best European medical universities.

By the 11th century, this decentralized system proved too weak to defend against nomadic tribesmen from the east.

Significant conversions also occurred beyond the extents of the empire such as that of the Turkic tribes in Central Asia and peoples living in regions south of the Sahara in Africa through contact with Muslim traders active in the area and sufi missionaries.

Abolition of the Caliphate However, there was one person who definitely had no use for the concept: Al-Mamun tended to involve scholars into the government of the state and founded the House of Wisdom in Baghdad Iraqwhich was a library, an academy and an institute of translation Britannica.

The caliphate had special relations with Byzantium, too. Wikimedia Abbasid advances During the Golden Age of Islam, Arab and Persian scholars—as well as scholars from other countries—were able to build on the information they translated from the Greeks and others during the Abbasid Dynasty and forge new advances in their fields.

From that point, the empire was ruled in name by the Abbasids, but in practice by the Seljuq. For topics like these there is not a right or wrong answer, but for one to come up with an answer for themselves takes time to analyze the facts and have a curiosity for learning.

Abbasid Empire governed around years.

Encyclopædia Iranica

Their Empire started with 'Abu al-'Abbas Saffah and ended with Musta'sim by the hand of Mongol attack. The 'Abbasid caliphate falls into four ages: 1. From to (A.H).

The age of power, authority and strength of Abbasid from the time of Saffah to. Essay about Influence of the Muslims in the Abbasid Caliphate Words | 3 Pages. The Abbasid Caliphate greatly affected the modern world in many ways through their golden age of information.

The rise of each caliphate: similarities and differences between the two; The policy of some of the caliphates in each of the two: The political policy; The policy toward their subjects; Architectural contribution of some of the caliphs.

The fall of each caliphate and factors which contributed to the fall. The Abbasid caliphate was founded by the descendants of the Prophet Muhammad's youngest uncle, Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib (), in Kufa in CE and shifted its capital in to Baghdad. The Mongol conquest of Baghdad in CE brought an end to the Abbasid caliphate.

Although the concept of the caliphate as a symbol of Islamic unity continued, basic Islamic political organization took the form of sultanates, representing rule by military commanders.

Chapter 7: Abbasid Decline and Spread of Islam study guide by ApWorldHistory includes 42 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities .

An essay on the abbasid caliphate
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Project MUSE - Muslim City Life during the Era of the Great Caliphs