He would then be free to go to some foreign country, and no one would interfere with what he was doing. Socrates then reminds Meletus that he was not the one who taught these things about the sun and moon. The Apology ends with the speech in which Socrates utters a prophetic warning to his judges concerning the verdict that history will pronounce upon them for the actions they have taken in condemning him to death.
Socrates antagonises the court by proposing, rather than a penalty, a reward — perpetual maintenance at public expense. Having noted this difference, however, I must return to what the two painted details have in common: This makes his writing the testimony of an eyewitness.
This is indicated by a number of different facts. Further, it is for this reason that I am not at all angry with those who accused me or with those who condemned me. This, however, is not what will happen. Socrates repeats that the prospect of death does not absolve him from following the path of goodness and truth.
What shall be done to such a one. Finally, the account in the Apology is in harmony with the reports given by Xenophon and other writers, and it is also consistent with references to the trial found in the other Platonic dialogs. They also include Agamemnon, who as we know from our readings can likewise be considered guilty of having committed acts of injustice.
These, too, are based on falsehoods, for he has had no interest in the physical sciences and has never claimed to have any wisdom about matters of this kind.
If that had been the case, they would now be among his accusers. The Apology contains an account of Socrates' defense of himself after he had been charged with being a corrupter of the youth and one who refuses to accept the popular beliefs concerning the gods of the city of Athens.
And now, O men who have condemned me, I would fain prophesy to you; for I am about to die, and that is the hour in which men are gifted with prophetic power. In that way, the daimonion communicated to Socrates that death might be a good thing; either death is annihilation release from earthly worry and not to be feared, or death is migration higher plane of existence in which reside the souls of personages and heroes, such as Hesiod and Homer and Odysseus.
And I said to myself, Go I must to all who appear to know, and find out the meaning of the oracle. Very many of those here present are witnesses to the truth of this, and to them I appeal.
After making his defense, an account is given of his attempt at mitigation of the penalty imposed on him. He ought only to consider whether what he is doing is right or wrong. For I have had many accusers, who accused me of old, and their false charges have continued during many years; and I am more afraid of them than of Anytus and his associates, who are dangerous, too, in their own way.
I will begin at the beginning, and ask what the accusation is which has given rise to this slander of me, and which has encouraged Meletus to proceed against me. Any prayer that he would address to the deity was never a plea for bodily comfort or material welfare but a petition for the humility and courage to live righteously under whatever circumstances might exist.
It would indicate that his teachings might constitute a threat to the conventional standards and customs of the day.
But now the question is, how will Socrates reach such an afterlife. Furthermore, Socrates points out that Meletus has involved himself in a self-contradiction: Stay then awhile, for we may as well talk with one another while there is time.
This did not mean that he believed it was wrong for any teacher to charge for his instruction if he felt the need for so doing. Nov 29, · Read "Apology, Crito, and Phaedo of Socrates by Plato" by Plato with Rakuten Kobo. The Apology contains an account of Socrates' defense of himself after he had been charged with being a corrupter of the youth and one who refuses to accept the popular beliefs concerning the gods of the city of Athens.
Plato - The Republic. Apology By Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett. Socrates' Defense How you have felt, O men of Athens, at hearing the speeches of my accusers, I cannot tell; but I know that their persuasive words almost made me forget who I was - such was the effect of them; and yet they have hardly spoken a word of truth.
Generally, the early works of Plato are considered to be close to the spirit of Socrates, whereas the later works—including Phaedo and Republic—are considered to be possibly products of Plato's elaborations.
Among the primary sources about the trial and death of the philosopher Socrates (– BC), the Apology of Socrates is the dialogue that depicts the trial, and is one of four Socratic dialogues, along with Euthyphro, Phaedo, and Crito, through which Plato details the final days of the philosopher Socrates.
Are you sure the assignment is about Apology and Phaedo vs. Republic and not just Apology vs.
Phaedo vs. Republic? The latter would be a lot easier: what happens after death in Apology vs. Phaedo, the structure of the soul in Phaedo vs. Republic, etc. These dramatized, unabridged versions of Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo present the trial, imprisonment, and execution of Socrates, who Phaedo said was the "wisest, best, and most righteous person I have ever known."In the Euthyphro Socrates approaches the court where he will be tried Author: Plato.In defense of socrates in the apology the republic and the phaedo by plato