The history and main characteristics of torpedos

Innovations such as those of Paul Schratz of Scorpion, who claimed that tightening the packing glands on the impeller of the Mark 6 eliminated premature detonations, never made it through channels to the rest of the fleet.

In summary, about twenty enemy warships had escaped certain destruction because of torpedo failures. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, pressure to produce Torpedo Mk 13 and Torpedo Mk 14 to satisfy immediate Fleet needs was so great that BuOrd postponed the planned manufacture of the Mk 17 even though committed as armament for new construction destroyers.

The contact detonators used on these torpedoes were also of simple design, making them mechanically reliable. The other major powers experimented with hydrogen peroxide fuel, which, while highly promising, did not result in operational designs in time for the war.

Ships of the line were superseded by ironcladslarge steam powered ships with heavy gun armament and heavy armour, in the mid 19th century. However, the heat produced by combustion was too much for the engine to endure for long, and by the time of the First World War, most torpedoes were "wet heater" designs that injected water into the combustion chamber to reduce the temperature while increasing the volume of gas.

The magnetic field of a ship proved too difficult to characterize adequately, particularly over a large range of magnetic latitude.

The problems with such tactics were seen at the Battle of Midway in June One design challenge was to ensure that the torpedo maintained a uniform speed, since the battery output was sensitive to temperature and decreased as the batteries ran down during the torpedo run.

During the War oftorpedoes were employed in attempts to destroy British vessels and protect American harbors. But the problem was further aggravated by institutional arrogance. Although it sounded promising, but when the U-boats began the offensive, the results of the new torpedo was disappointing.

After much work, Whitehead introduced his "secret" in which overcame this. The Mine Mk 24 was also known by the code name "Fido". The complexity of the mechanism is illustrated by Newpower's simplified description: Pictured examining a battered test torpedo in Fiume c.

Torpedo Mk 13 was available, although in limited numbers, when the United States entered the war in During the First World War, standard U-boat torpedoes were driven by an alcohol fueled engine which possessed good characteristics of speed and range. A knot, yard range submarine torpedo, the Mk 16 was to be the same weight and envelope as Torpedo Mk The new design had been tested only twice and that too with mixed results.

German U-Boat

However, British torpedoes had nothing like the range of the Long Lance. At night the mast had a small light, only visible from the rear. Theoretically, a torpedo like this one could, when on the correct line of fire, hit a target at a range of 7, yards, except that torpedoes of this time only managed 1, yards.

Etymology[ edit ] The word torpedo comes from the name of a genus of electric rays in the order Torpediniformeswhich in turn comes from the Latin "torpere" to be stiff or numb. In addition, there are serious doubts that the submarine can go to a distance of a torpedo launch of T 40 kilometersand the torpedo itself works as it should.

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Navy Torpedo Development, sometimes called OP W or TD This report covers the growth/development of the "auto-mobile" or self-propelled torpedo in the U.S. Navy from torpedo inception in Europe by Robert Whitehead in up to and including Torpedo Mk 48 of DM2A4 Seehecht (export designation "SeaHake mod 4") is the latest heavyweight torpedo developed by Atlas Elektronik for the German Navy, as a further update of DM2 (Deutsches Modell 2) torpedo which was released in Type: Torpedo.

The Torpedo 62 (Export designation: Torpedo ) from Saab is a dual-purpose heavy weight torpedo system in use with the submarine fleet of the Royal Swedish Navy. It can be effectively launched against all types of submarines and surface ships. History of the Torpedo - The Early Years.

Royal Navy.

Believe it or not, The main benefit of the torpedo was the stealth and shock - the Torpedinidae family! Early German torpedoes, or eel (Aal=eel) as it was popularly known were a combination of two worlds. They were both technologically sophisticated, and yet unreliable.

During the First World War, standard U-boat torpedoes were driven by an alcohol fueled engine which possessed good characteristics of speed and range.

Early German torpedoes, or eel driven by an alcohol fueled engine which possessed good characteristics of speed and amphibious assault in German history.

The history and main characteristics of torpedos
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